The event of light, Diwali is an old festival of India and also among the oldest festivals of India. The historical background of this festival makes the reason of the festival. There are three phases of the festival and the Diwali starts basically from the Dusserah.
There is a tale from the Indian Myths and basically the entire festival of Dusserah and Diwali has been based on that myth. The myth comes from the ancient most epic of the world and also of India. Ramayana is the story teller of the festive event of Diwali.
Dusserah – The Start of the festival
Ramayana tells the story of the fierce demonic character Ravana. Ravana was a demon by nature who has the mentality to own all the jewels of the world. Sita was the wife of Rama, the Prince and the future king of Ayodhya.
They were sent to the exile at the forests by a deal of political complexes. Ravana found the wonder jem of the world, and tried to snatch Sita. He has been the powerful ruler and nobody ever dared to protest him as the result in that case always turns out to be a disaster. Rama, was a powerful man and is often said to be an incarnation of the Lord.
He went to the state of Ravana, the Lanka and made a war with Ravana to defeat him on the fourth day after he arranged a worship of Goddess and the Mother of the Universe. Thus the fourth day of Durga Puja is the Dusserah, where Rama kills Ravana, the demon and frees the world from the demonic influence of his.
The return journey
After Ravana was killed, the fourteen years exile has also completed and Rama, Sita and his brother Laxmana have to return Ayodhya, back to their province and palace. There they took to reach a time of about fourteen days, with a halt at Rameshwaram also at the palace of Sugriv, the king of the team who supported Rama to reach his goal.
The day before they reach Ayodhya is the day when the Ayodhya people decorate the entire city with lights and colours. They and the Indians still now on that day lights fourteen lights in memory of the fourteen years they have missed out their beloved prince.
The next day is the day for decorating the entire city of Ayodhya as that day Rama comes back with his brother and wife and the people of Ayodhya floats in love and affection for their prince.
The Final day
The final event of the Diwali festival is to distribute the metals in the family as a symbol of plentifulness. The reason for this mentality is that they had been in a period of black years when Rama and his family was in the exile.
Now when they came back, they also found the rhythm of their life comes back and this comeback is denoted by the exchange of metals among the families by wishing prosperity for all. This part of the festival is known as the Dhanteras.
This has been the history of one of the oldest festival of India, whose essence is still continued after so many years passed by in between.